Mobile County Alabama
Mobile County Alabama was occupied for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples. The historic Choctaw had occupied this area along what became called the Mobile River when encountered by early French traders and colonists, who founded Mobile in the early eighteenth century. The British took over the territory in 1763 (along with other French territories east of the Mississippi River) after defeating the French in the Seven Years’ War. During the American Revolutionary War, it came under Spanish rule as part of Spanish Florida. Spain ceded the territory to the United States after the War of 1812.
In the 1830s, the United States forced the removal of most of the Native Americans in the area under President Andrew Jackson’s policy to relocate them to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. Many of those who remained continued their culture; since the late 20th century, several tribes have reorganized and gained state recognition.
After more than a century of European settlement, Mobile County was organized by the legislature and the proclamation of Governor Holmes of the Mississippi Territory on December 18, 1812. When Mississippi was separated and admitted as a state on December 10, 1817, after adopting its constitution on August 15, 1817, Mobile County became part of what was called the Alabama Territory. Two years later, the county became part of the state of Alabama, granted statehood on December 14, 1819.
Mobile County Alabama Historic Destinations
Bellingrath Gardens and Home
Historic Fort Gaines
USS ALABAMA Battleship Memorial Park
Hank Aaron Childhood Home and Museum
South Alabama Archaeology Museum
The History Museum of Mobile
Mobile Carnival Museum
MOWA Choctaw Cultural Center
National African American Archives and Museum
Richard’s DAR House Museum
Alabama Contemporary Arts Center
Mobile County Alabama Historic Landmarks:
USS Alabama Battleship