Sumter County Alabama
Sumter County, Alabama, was created on 1832 Dec. 18, from former Choctaw Indian territory.
The county is located in the west-central part of the state, bordering the State of Mississippi to the west and the Tombigbee River to the east. Sumter County encompasses 907 square miles.
The county seat was established at Livingston Alabama in 1833.
Sumter County Alabama History
Sumter County was part of the Choctaw Nation, which was made up of four main villages. The first settlers in Sumter County were French explorers who had come north from Mobile. They built and settled at Fort Tombecbee, near the modern-day town of Epes. In 1830, with the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, the Choctaw Indians ceded the land that is now Sumter County to the government.
Sumter County Alabama Cities
Livingston was incorporated on January 10, 1835. At the 2010 census the population was 3,485, up from 3,297 in 2000. The city is the county seat of Sumter County and the home of the University of West Alabama. The area now known as Livingston was part of the traditional territory of the nation of Choctaw Indians until the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek in 1830. At that time, settlers from the Carolinas, Georgia, Tennessee, and Virginia established the first European-American community about two blocks from the current Courthouse Square, near the corner of Madison and Spring Streets.
York was founded around 1838 after the merging of two communities, Old Anvil and New York Station, the latter a station on a stagecoach line. The rail came through in the 1850s and later, the “New” was dropped from York Station in 1861. With the discovery that another community in Alabama bore that name, the “Station” was dropped and York was formally incorporated on April 6, 1881. At the 2010 census the population was 2,538, down from 2,854 in 2000. From 1920-1980, it was the largest town in the county. Since 1990, it has been the second largest city behind the county seat of Livingston.
Sumter County Alabama Towns
The Cuba post office existed prior to 1850, with nothing in the present-day area of the town of Cuba but wilderness. As the town was settled, the post office became known as Cuba Station. The Town of Cuba was incorporated in 1890.
Emelle is a town in Sumter County, Alabama, United States. The town was started in the 19th century but not incorporated until 1981. Emelle was famous for their great cotton.
Epes is a town in Sumter County, Alabama, United States. Initially called Epes Station, it was incorporated as Epes in 1899. At the 2010 census the population was 192, down from 206 in 2000. Epes has its origins in Fort de Tombecbé (Fort Tombecbe), one of the major fortifications built under Louis XIV of France, in what is now the American south, in the early eighteenth century. Fort Tombecbe was built in Choctaw lands and would play a major role in colonial France’s efforts to stop British intrusions into the area. Bienville claimed that the new fort was to protect the Choctaw from the Chickasaw. Tombecbe was a major French outpost and trade depot among the Choctaw, the largest Native American group in the colony.
Gainesville is a town in Sumter County. Founded in 1832, it was incorporated in 1835. Confederate Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest surrendered his men near Gainesville on May 9, 1865, at the Civil War’s end.
Geiger is a town in Sumter County. It incorporated in 1912.
Sumter County Alabama Census-designated Places
Sumter County Alabama Unincorporated Communities