Indian Villages and Forts
Alabama has been the home of indigenous peoples for thousands of years. Over 100 Indian villages and towns have been identified and research leads to believe there are many more not yet identified.
Our research is ongoing therefore you must consider there is much more to do and take into consideration that our information is incomplete and may contain errors. Research of historical documents is our primary source of information. Much of the information is followed-up with boots-on-the-ground research – but not all.
Many of the sites identified on this map are located on private property and researchers are encouraged to honor property rights and get permission for entrance on any personal property.
Abihka was an Upper Creek Indian town east of the Coosa River and south of Tallassehatchee Creek. The first record of the town is found on Delisle’s map of 1704, where they are “les Abelkas,” and are noted on the east side of the Coosa River, apparently just above the influx of the Pakantalahassi.— Winsor.
Belen’s map of 1733, also places the “Abeccas” on the east side of the Coosa, but at some distance from it.
The name "Abihka" (meaning unknown), is sometimes used to refer to all the Upper Creek peoples.
The Abihka were the remnants of the 16th century "Chiefdom of Coosa." A remnant of the Natchez people settled with the Abihka after being dispersed by the French in the 18th century.
Abihka was one of the four mother towns of the Muscogee Creek confederacy. It is now a ceremonial ground in Okmulgee County, Alabama. Abihka is also sometimes used to refer to all Upper Creek (or Muscogee) peoples.
Besides the town of Abihka, the Creek had established other important towns in their territory: Abihkutchi, Tuckabutche, Talladega, Coweta, and Kan-tcati.
Talladega County, AL, USA
The Battle of Tallasseehatchee was a battle fought during the War of 1812 and Creek War on November 3, 1813, in Alabama between Red Stick Creeks Native Americans and United States dragoons. A cavalry force commanded by Brigadier General John Coffee was able to defeat the Creek warriors.