Alabama Civil War Sites Table of Contents


Alabama Civil War Sites

Battle of Athens

Limestone County Alabama

The Battle of Sulphur Creek Trestle, also known as the Battle of Athens, was fought near Athens, Alabama (Limestone County, Alabama), from September 23 to 25, 1864 as part of the American Civil War.

In September 1864, General Nathan Bedford Forrest led his force into northern Alabama and middle Tennessee to disrupt the supply of William Tecumseh Sherman’s army in Georgia.

Battle of Columbus aka Battle of Girard, Alabama (now Phenix City).

Battle of Day’s Gap

Battle of Crooked Creek

Battle of Decatur

Battle of Fort Blakely

Battle of Mobile Bay

Battle of Newton

Battle of Ebenezer Church

The Battle of Ebenezer Church, which took place on April 1, 1865, was an engagement in the American Civil War (1861-1865). Near Ebenezer Church in present-day Stanton, Chilton County (Bibb County at the time).

Battle of Selma

Battle of Munford

Battle of Sulphur Creek Trestle

Battle of Spanish Fort

Listed Alphabetically by Location

Editor’s Note: Taken from “When And Where We Met Each Other,” by Theodore D. Stickler, 1899


Alabama Seceded Jan. 11, 1861.

ANTIOCH CHURCH, Skirmish near, Aug. 18-19, 1864

ASHBYVILLE, Occupied by Union troops, March 31, 1865

Athens Alabama

On the afternoon of 23 September, Union forces engaged Confederate forces five miles south of Athens, near tanner, where they were destroying a railroad trestle. Forrest’s Confederate forces moved towards Athens. That evening the Confederate forces gained control of the town, and the Union forces had retreated within Fort Henderson.

The Confederate forces began an artillery barrage on the morning of the 24th. In a personal meeting, Forrest convinced the Union commander, Colonel Wallace Campbell, that the Confederate forces numbered 8,000-10,000. Campbell surrendered the fort and its garrison around noon.

Shortly after the garrison had surrendered, reinforcements consisting of about 350 men from the 18th Michigan and 102nd Ohio, commanded by Jonas Elliott, arrived by train from Decatur. After suffering casualties of one-third their total personnel, these forces surrendered.

 Operations in the vicinity of, May 1-2, 1862

Skirmish at, May 8, 1862.

Recoggiance to, from Fayetteville, Tenn., Aug. 7-8, I863

Scout from, March 30, 1864

Skirmish at, Sept. 23, 1864

Action at, and surrender of, Sept. 24, 1864

Skirmishes at, Oct. 1-2, 1864

AUBURN, Skirmish near, July 18, 1864

BAINBRIDGE FERRY, Skirmish at, Jan. 25, 1864

BARTON’S STATION, Skirmish at, April 17, 1863

Skirmishes at, Oct. 20, 26, and 31, 1863

BEAR CREEK, Expedition to, April 12-13, 1862

The Engagement at Little Bear Creek October 26-27, 1863

J. R. Phillips moved to Bear Creek in the early 1880s and purchased land for 12.5 cents an acre, and then subdivided it into lots, essentially creating the town of Bear Creek. The town incorporated in 1907.Bear Creek initially was known before the Civil War as Allen’s Factory after a nearby textile factory, one of two in the area. After both factories were burned during the war, the town took the name of the nearby creek.

BENTON, Skirmish near, April 10, 1865

Big Cove Valley

Madison County Alabama

Skirmish in, June 27, 1864

Black Creek

Skirmish at, near Gadsden, May 2, 1863

BLAKELY, Skirmish near, April 1, 1865

BLAKELY, FORT, Siege of, April 2-9, 1865

BLOUNT’S PLANTATION, Action at, May 2, 1863

“The action was of the rear-guard nature but it was a sharp fight and many regard it as the turning point in Col. Streight’s futile attempt to reach Rome, GA., where he had orders to destroy the extensive munitions factories in the city.

The day following the skirmish at Blount’s Plantation, Colonel Streight surrendered to General Forrest at Lawrence in Cherokee County. When Colonel Streight surrendered with his 1,466 men, he was surprised to discover that General Forrest had only 600 men. After the battle ended, the Blount house was used as a field hospital where wounded Union and Confederate soldiers received treatment and care.

Blountsville Alabama

Blountsville is located in Blount County in the northeastern portion of the state between the cities of Gadsden and Cullman.

Skirmish at, May 1, 1863.

A major crossroads in early Alabama, Blountsville became a Confederate depot for the cavalry. Confederate forces led by General Nathan Bedford Forrest and Union forces led by General Abel Streight skirmished briefly in the town on May 1, 1863.

During the Civil War, a number of men enlisted and fought for the Confederacy. The Confederate government operated a facility to care for horses in Blountsville, and the town was raided by Union colonel Abel D. Streight and his forces prior to their defeat and capture by Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest. After the war, Union soldiers were stationed in Blountsville.

Blue Mountain

Blue Mountain in Calhoun County, Alabama was once a supply and training center for Confederate soldiers. Blue Mountain is located in the northern suburbs of Anniston, Alabama, 2 miles from the center of the city.

During the War, the Confederate Government operated both the railroad and the furnace, the iron being shipped to Selma to make “Ironclads” for the Confederacy.

“Thousands of Confederate soldiers trained at the Blue Mountain rail depot and training camp, the group’s members say. Historians and Civil War experts say the site, where industrialists later built the textile mills that became Blue Mountain Industries, was home during the war to a Confederate supply depot and training camp.” 1

1 Anniston Star – Blue Mountain site appeals to Civil War Buffs


BLUE POND, Skirmish at, Oct. 20, 1864

BOLIVAR, Skirmish at, April 28, 1862

BONSECOURS RIVER, Expedition from Mobile Bay to,  Sept. 9-11, 1864

16, 1864


Reconnoissance into, from
Winston’s Gap, Sept. 5, 1863

County: Cherokee County
Latitude: 34.2927665
Longitude: -85.5861764
GNIS ID: 114974

Browns Ferry Alabama

Operations about, Feb. 19, 1864

Buckthorn Tavern Alabama

Madison County Alabama

Skirmish Oct. 12, 1863. In pursuit of Wheeler’s raiders, Federal cavalrymen riding north from Huntsville intercept Roddey’s troopers here. Confederates fight briefly, but disengage during a late afternoon thunderstorm. They gallop to the west that night, rapidly outdistancing their weary pursuers.

Cahawba River (See Fike’s Ferry, April 7, 1865)

Cane Creek Alabama

Skirmish at, Oct. 20, 1863
Skirmish near, Oct. 26, 1863

Canoe Station Alabama

Steele’s column reached, March 27, I865  

Caperton’s Ferry Alabama

Skirmish at, Aug. 29, 1863.
Scout to, March 28, 1864.
Affair at, March 29, 1864.
Scout from Bridgeport to, Mar. 31-Apr. 2, 1864.
Scout from Stevenson to, April 11, 1864

Cedar Bluff Alabama

Skirmish near, May 3, 1863.
Scout from Rome, Ga., to, July 28–29, 1864.
It was the site of a confrontation between Union raiders under Col. Abel Streight and Confederate troops under the command of Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest.

Centre Alabama

Skirmish near, May 2, 1863.
Scout from Rome, Ga., to, July
II-13, 1864

Centre Star Alabama

Skirmish at, May 15, 1864

Centreville Alabama

Skirmish at, April 1, 1865.
Skirmish near, April 2, 1865

Chehaw Alabama

Skirmish near, July 18, 1864

Cherokee Station Alabama

The Battle of Cherokee Station was a battle near the town of Cherokee Station, Colbert County, Alabama on 21 October 1863. The Battle of Cherokee Station was a battle of the American Civil War fought between Union Army and Confederate Army near the town of Cherokee Station Alabama on 21 October 1863. General Sherman attempted to start rebuilding the Memphis and Charleston Railroad to give Union forces an easier time to arrive at Chattanooga from Mississippi.

Skirmish at, Dec. 12, 1862.
Skirmish at, April 17, 1863.
Action at, October 21, 1863.
Skirmish at, Oct. 29, 1863

Chickasaw Alabama

Expedition from Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., to, April 1, 1862

Chickasaw Alabama

Naval reconnoissance to, March 7-12, 1862.
Naval action at, Dec. 27, 1864.
Reconnoissance from Savannah, Tenn., to, April 3,
Raid from, to Selma, Ala., and Macon, Ga., Mar. 22 to April 24, 1865. .

Citronelle Alabama

Surrender of Confederate forces at, May 4, 1865. claibo,
Expedition from Blakely to, April 9-17, 1865

Claysville Alabama

Skirmish at, March 14, 1864

Claysville was named in honor of Henry Clay, and served as the county seat of Marshall County from 1836 to 1838. During the American Civil War, Claysville became a strategic location, due to the ferry crossing of the Tennessee River. A Union Army garrison was located here during the latter part of the war.  The 13th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regimentwas stationed here under the command of Colonel William P. Lyon. A post office operated under the name Claysville from 1831 to 1879.

Clear Spring Valley Alabama

Scout in, July 18-21, 1864

Columbus Road Alabama

Skirmish on, near Montgomery, April 12, 1865.
Skirmish on, near Tuskegee, April 14, 1865

Coosa River Alabama

Skirmish near, July 13, 1864

Courtland Alabama

Lawrence County Alabama

Skirmish, July 25, 1862. Brig. Gen. Frank Armstrong’s cavalry attacks a Union camp, killing one, wounding three and capturing 134. A trooper of the 1st Ohio Cav. attests that the rebel yell “would have raised the hair on a Comanche Indian.”

July 27, 1864, Col. Wm. T. C. Grower leads a Union force that drives Roddey’s men through town. Holding briefly along Big Nance Creek, they retreat again. Union losses are two killed and four wounded; Southern are losses uncertain.

Another skirmish occurs here on Mar. 8, 1864.

Expedition from Cornith, Miss., to, April 15-May 8,

Expedition from Decatur to, July 25–28, 1864, and skirmishes.

Crawford Alabama

Skirmish at, April 16, 1865

Crooked Creek Alabama

Action at, April 30, 1863

Cross Island Alabama

At mouth of Crow Creek, Reconnoissance from Stevenson to, Aug. 1863

Curtis Wells Alabama

Skirmish at, June 24, 1864

Dannelly’s Mills Alabama

Skirmish near, March 23-24, 1865

Danvo Road Alabama

Affair on, near Decatur, July 28, 1864.

Dauphin Island Alabama

Landing of Union forces on, Aug. 3, 1864

Davis Gap Alabama

Skirmish near, July 12, 1862
Skirmish at, Sept. 1, 1863

Day’s Gap Alabama

Action at, April 30, 1863.
Streight repulsed Forrests’s attack in the mountainous terrain and in a a counterattack captured two cannons.
Expedition from, July 12-16, 1862.
Attack on convalescent train near, Aug 7, 1862.
Expedition from Maysville to, Nov. 14-17, 1863.
Skirmish at, March 7, 1864.
Skirmish near, April 13, 1864.
Skirmish near, April 18, 1864.
Affair near, April 24, 1864.
Skirmish near, April 27, 1864.
Skirmish at, April 30, 1864.
Skirmish at, May 8, 1864.
Expedition from, to . Courtland, July 25–28, 1864, and skirmishes.
Affair on Somerville Road near, Aug. 6, 1864.
Expedition from, to Moulton, Aug. 17–20, 1864.
Demonstrations against, Oct. 26-29, 1864.
Skirmishes near, Dec. 27–28, 1864.
Skirmish at, March 3, 1865.

Deer Park Road Alabama

Skirmish on, March 25, 1865.

DE KALB COUNTY (See Elrod’s Tan-Yard, Jan. 27, 1865).

Dickson Station Alabama

Skirmish at, April 19, 1863
Skirmish at, April 23, 1863
Skirmish at, Oct. 20, 1863

Duckett’s Plantation Alabama

Skirmish at, near Paint Rock River, Nov. 19, 1864

East Branch Alabama

Big Warrior River, Skirmish on, May 1, 1863


Action at, near Maplesville, April 1, 1865. On April 1st, Wilson’s advance force, led by Brig. Gens. Eli Long and Emory Upton, moved out at dawn from positions in front of maplesville Station, about 30 miles from Selma. Long’s division was to travel south on the Randolph-Plantersville road. Upton’s division was to move along long’s left flank down the Randolph-Mapleville road. Their orders were to “press the enemy vigorously and charge them whenever they attempted to make a stand”. The divisions were to meet where the 2 roads joined, forming the Selma highway, Wilson’s intended assault route to the city. Combined, the 2 divisions numbered about 9,000 men.

Eight Mile Alabama

Greer Bridge (See Whistler, April I3, 1865)

Elk River Alabama

Operations in the vicinity of, May 1-2, 1862

Elrod’s Tan-Yard Alabama

Skirmish at, in De Kalb County, Jan. 27, 1865

Elyton Alabama

Skirmish at, March 7, 1865
Skirmish near, March 28, 1865

Evergreen Alabama

Affair near, March 24, 1865

Fearn’s Ferry Alabama

Expedition from Whitesburg to, Feb. 17-18, 1865

Fike’s Roy?

Skirmish at, April 7, 1865. (Cahawba Ver. FISH FlyFF.

Expedition from Mobile Bay to, Sept. 9-11, 1864.

Fletcher’s Ferry

Madison County Alabama

Skirmish, May 17, 1864. The 5th Ohio Cav. and 59th Ind. Regt. pursue Patterson to the river. Before Confederates cross the Tennessee, the Federals claim to have killed 15 and wounded 40. But Patterson’s men escape with all their prisoners.

Skirmish at, May 18, 1864

Flint River

Affair at April 17, 1864

Florence Alabama

Expedition to, Feb. 6-10, 1862
Affair near, March 25, 1863
Skirmish at, April 23, 1863
Expedition from Corinth, Miss., to, May 26-31, 1863
Skirmish near, May 28, 1863
Scout from Pulaski, Tenn., to, Dec. 11-17, 1863
Skirmish near, April 12, 1864
Skirmish near, May 7, 1864
Scout from Pulaski, Tenn., to, July 20–25, 1864
Skirmishes at, Oct. 6-7, 1864
Skirmish at Muscle Shoals, or Raccoon Ford, near, Oct. 30, 1864
Skirmish at, Nov. 9, 1864
Expedition from Gravelly Springs to, March 1–6, 1865

Fowl River Narrows

from Dauphin Island, to, March 18–22, 1865, and skirmishes

Gadsden Alabama

Skirmish at Black Creek, near, May 2, 1863

Gadsden Road

Skirmish on, Oct. 25, 1864

Gaines, Fort

Seizure of by State Troops, Jan. 5, 1861
Naval reconnoissance of, Jan. 20, 1864
Investment of, by Union forces, Aug. 3, 1864
Surrender of, Aug. 8, 1864


Skirmish at, April 16, 1865. The Battle of Columbus – also called the  Battle of Girard – was the last major land  battle of the War Between the States (or Civil War). It took place in Phenix City, Alabama, and Columbus, Georgia, on April 16, 1865. More information is available at and Battle of Columbus.

Goshen Alabama

Skirmish at, Oct. 28, 1864

Gourd Neck

Expedition from Larkins’s Landing to, March 2-3, 1864

Great Bear Creek

Skirmish at, April 17, 1863

Greenpoint Alabama

Skirmish near, July 14, 1854

Gunter’s Landing

Skirmish at, Aug. 24, 1863
Scout from, to Warrenton, July 11, 1864, and skirmish

Guntersville Alabama

Expedition from Woodville to, July 27-30, 1862
Skirmish at, July 28, 1862
Reconnoissance to, Aug. 5-7, 1862
Scout from Woodville to, and vicinity, Aug. 19-20, 1862
Expedition from Larkins’s Landing to, March 2-3, 1864

Gurley’s Tank

Madison County Alabama

Skirmish near, Feb. 16, 1865 

Halloy Landing

(See Jackson’s Ferry, May
I2, ISO4).

Harrison’s Gap

Affair at, April 21, 1864

Hillsborough Alabama

Lawrence County Alabama

Skirmish, Dec. 28, 1864. The 15th Pa. Cav. seizes two cannon from Lt. Col. Windes and his Alabama troopers between here and Decatur.

Hillsboro is located in northeastern Lawrence County in the northwest corner of the state.

Hog Jaw Valley

(See Ladd’s House, Feb. 3-4, 1865).

Hog Mountain

Action at, April 30, 1863. In this night battle, Forrest kept up his attacks in front and flank forcing Streight to withdraw after abandoning the two captured cannons.


Bombardment and capture of, April 9-11, I865

Hunt’s Mill

Skirmish at, Sept. 26, 1863

Huntsville Alabama

Madison County Alabama

Occupied, Apr. 11, 1862. Federal troops under Gen. O. M. Mitchell enter the city at dawn, capturing 15 trains and 200 Confederates at the depot. Huntsville changes hands five times during the war. Skirmishes on June 4-5, 1862, July 2, 1862, Sept. 1, 1862, and Sept. 30-Oct. 1, 1864, take place outside the city.


Occupation of, by Union forces, April 11, 1862.
Skirmishes at, June 4-5, 1862.
Skirmish at, July 2, 1862.
Skirmish at, Aug. 31-Sept. 1, 1862.
Expedition to, July 13–22, 1863.
Skirmish near, Oct. 1, 1864.
Skirmish near, Oct. 18, 1864.

Indian Creek

Madison County Alabama

Skirmish, Dec. 23, 1864. Federal troopers attack dismounted Alabama cavalry defending the railroad bridge. Union elements of the 10th-13th Indiana Cavalries and the 2nd Tennessee Cavalry (US), under Lt. Col. W. F. Prosser, attacked a force of -300 dismounted cavalry from Roddey’s, Burtwell’s, and Moreland’s regiments, commanded by Col. J. R. B. Burtwell. The Union force made a mounted saber charge which resulted in disorganized confederate retreat. Union losses were 1 killed and 3 wounded, while the Confederate loss was reported as several killed and 54 wounded and captured. Southerners fire a wild volley with single-shot muskets and break for the rear. Federals charge after them, slashing and shooting. They kill and wound 20 Confederates, bringing in 50 more bleeding from saber cuts. Two Federals receive slight wounds.

Isabella, Sloop

Seizure of, at Mobile, March 20, 1861

Jackson’s Ferry (Hallowell’s Landing)

Skirmish at, May 12, 1864. Jackso;
Expedition from Rome, Ga., to, Aug. – 11-15, 1864

Kelly’s Plantation

Madison County Alabama

Affair near, April 11, 1864

King’s Hill

Skirmish at, Oct. 23, 1864

King’s Store

Skirmish at, April 6, 1865

Ladd’s House (Hog Jaw Valley)

Skirmish at, Feb.3-4, 1865


Ladiga Calvary Skirmish

October 28, 1864. Last fighting between armies of Hood and Sherman. Here Ferguson turned back Kilpatrick’s larger force. These two armies fought all summer from Chattanooga to Atlanta, west to here. To split the South, Sherman turned and led Union forces in March to Sea. Hood withdrew to reoccupy Tennessee, fighting the battles of Franklin and Nashville. 

Location: Calhoun County, Ala., atlas 149:G-10.
Campaign: Operations in North Georgia and North Alabama, Sept. 29 – Nov. 13, 1864.

Units engaged: CSA, led by Brig. Gen. Samuel W. Ferguson.
Alabama  1st, 2nd , 3rd , 9th & 12th Cav. Regts.; 51st & 56th Inf. (Mtd.) Regts.
Mississippi  9th & 11th Cav. Regts., 12th Cav. Battn.

USA, led by Brig. Gen. Kenner Garrard.
Illinois  98th & 123rd Inf. (Mtd.) Regts.; Chicago Board of Trade Battery.
Indiana  17th & 72nd Inf. (Mtd.) Regts.
Kentucky  4th, 6th & 7th (det.) Cav. Regts.
Ohio  1st & 3rd Cav. Regts.
Pennsylvania  7th Cav. Regt.

Strength: CSA, estimated 1500 officers and men; USA, estimated 2500 officers men.
Casualties: CSA, not reported; USA, not reported.
References: OR 39 1: 577; 39 3:358, 463, 478-79, 495, 573 & 855; 52 2:766, 768 & 769-70.

Confederate correspondence:

OXFORD, ALA., October 29, 1864.
General D. W. ADAMS, Talladega, Ala.:

Last information from enemy places him at Ladiga, with two brigades under General Ferguson confronting them. Learn General Wheeler and General Ferguson will resist their advance at Cross Plains. Enemy believed to be a small force.

Reports of Brig. Gen. J. H. Wilson, Cavalry Corps, U.S. Army:

Terrapin Creek, October 27, 1864–1.40 p.m.

I have sent a regiment up the east bank of the creek with instructions to go to Ladiga and beyond. Another to go through Goshen and Cross Plains, and as far toward Jacksonville as possible, to bring in every man, horse, or mule they can find, and to ascertain positively what is at Blue Mountain. Wheeler was at Gadsden on Monday, and had two divisions at Turkeytown when Garrard was there on Tuesday. Jackson seems to be yet between here and the railroad.

October 28, 1864–2.30 a.m.

Prisoners from Ross’ and Morgan’s brigades, taken about the head of Terrapin Creek, indicate the correctness of my prisoners’ information in regard to the whereabouts of Jackson. The reconnaissance on the Jacksonville road met strong resistance at Goshen, drove fifty or sixty men out of one line of rail breast-works and into or back upon another, from which they couldn’t start them. The regiment toward Ladiga had a similar experience near that place. Jackson’s entire division came to this neighborhood four days ago for the purpose of covering the Alabama railroad. I don’t think any part of it is toward Villa Rica; at all events prisoners say it’s all between Jacksonville and here. General Garrard says nobody except a few scouts followed him in from Turkeytown, and that Osterhaus did not go far enough beyond to ascertain any additional facts to those previously reported. General G. was not responsible for that reconnaissance and made no report. The man who reports the removal of the stores from Blue Mountain helped load them, and is positive that there are none left at that place. We have heard of every brigade of Jackson’s division except Ferguson’s by prisoners. I’ll go to Ladiga early in the morning to see if anything more can be learned.

Lamb’s Ferry

Skirmish at, May 10, 1862
Skirmish at, May 14, 1862

Lamb’s Ferry was one of the oldest ferries crossing the Tennessee River in Lauderdale County. The ferry was built by John Lamb from Giles County Tennessee in 1809 four miles south of where the town of Rogersville is now located. The traffic involved in cross river trade on the road to Lamb’s Ferry was instrumental in the founding of Rogersville in 1827.
The Ferry was the site of a skirmish between Union and Confederate forces on May 10 and 14 1862. On May 9 1862, the brigade of Confederate Colonel John Adams crossed the Tennessee River at Lamb’s Ferry to harass the Union forces. On May 11, Colonel Adams took a force of 850 men on an attempted raid of wagon trains traveling the road from Pulaski to Elkton in Tennessee.
Meanwhile, Union forces under Colonel Lytle crossed Elk River from Athens and met with forces under the command of General Negley, moving down form Pulaski. The two forces converged on Rogersville with Colonel Lytle moving on Lamb’s Ferry south of the town. The main body of Confederate forces retreated across the river. Colonel Lytle’s cavalry opened fire on a ferry load of Confederates, killing several men and horses. Confederate forces on the opposite bank returned fire, wounding one man and killing 2 horses. The Confederate forces were driven off the opposite bank by the arrival of artillery under the command of Lieutenant Sypher. One ferryboat was destroyed by artillery, one was burned by Union forces and the third was commandeered and turned into a gunboat for the Union.


see also


Lanier’s Mills (Sipsey Creek)

Skirmish near, April 6, 1865

Larkinsville Alabama

In the Civil War, Company K, the Larkinsville Guards, was organized in Larkinsville and served with the 4th Alabama Regiment under Captain A.C. Murray. The war devastated Larkinsville, as it did most of North Alabama. On June 30, 1862, shortly after the fall of Huntsville, the Tenth Wisconsin regiment occupied Larkinsville. As a stop along the strategically important railroad, Larkinsville would be occupied by Union forces for the remainder of the war, including the 13th Wisconsin, the 10th Iowa, the 116th Illinois, and the 101st U.S. Colored Regiment.

Skirmish near, Aug. 30, 1862
Skirmish near, Sept. 26, 1863
Affair near, Feb. 14, 1864

Lawrence County

Scout in, July, 1864

Law’s Landing

Skirmish at, July 28, 1862


Skirmish at, Sept. 5, 1863


Skirmish at, Oct. 21, 1864


Leighton is located in eastern Colbert County, in the northwest corner of the state.LaGrange College in the Leighton community of LaGrange; the college operated until it was burned by Union troops during the Civil War.

Skirmish at, April 23, 1863
Skirmish near, Dec. 30, 1864

Limestone Bridge

Operations in the vicinity of, May 1-2, 1862

Little Bear Creek

Skirmish at, Dec. 12, 1862
Skirmish at, Oct. 27, 1863

Little River

Skirmish at, Oct. 20, 1864

Lowdesborough Alabama

Skirmish at, April 10, 1865. The Civil War brought hard times to towns  like Lowndesboro. Steamboat traffic all but stopped on the Alabama River and the local farms had no place to sell their cotton. Since
cotton was then the primary cash crop in Alabama, the local economy was devastated.

A skirmish was fought at Lowndesboro in April of 1865 when the advance troops of Gen. James H. Wilson’s Union force reached the town and encountered a small command of Confederate cavalry. The Southern men were quickly driven off and the Federals occupied the town.

Source:, Copyright by Dale Cox

Lundy’s Lane

Action at, April 17, 1863

Madison County

Operations in, Aug. 12-14, 1864

Madison Station

Madison County Alabama

May 17, 1864. Col. Patterson’s Ala. cavalrymen cross the river to surprise the 13th Ill. Regt. The largest engagement of the Civil War in Madison County was fought during a driving rainstorm at the site of the railroad depot. Under the command of Col. Josiah Patterson, the Confederate forces (~1000 cavalry and a battery of artillery) crossed the Tennessee River near Triana and attacked a garrison of ~350 men of the 13th Illinois Infantry. Union forces fell back along the railroad toward Huntsville to Indian Creek. They counterattacked after being reinforced by infantry from Huntsville. Confederates were forced back across the river after burning equipment and cotton at the depot. Casualties were light on both sides.


Action near, April 1, 1865

Marion County

Operations against Unionists in, April 19, 1864

Maysville Alabama

Madison County Alabama

W. W. Lowe, at the time of being mustered colonel of the 5th Iowa Cavalry

… turned back with its division to Maysville, Alabama, where it arrived on the 17th of October, and went into camp. In November following, Major Young of the 5th Cavalry performed a most successful raid along the Tennessee River, for which he received the special thanks of Major-General Thomas. The fruits of the expedition are given thus by Lieutenant Hays:

“In this expedition, in which the 5th Iowa Cavalry bore so prominent a part, a rebel captain and eight soldiers were captured, nine large ferry boats captured and destroyed, (eight of them from under the enemy’s guns) two hundred fine mules and horses captured, one mill in the possession and employ of the enemy destroyed, and contrabands brought in to complete the organization of a regiment then forming at Maysville.”

Skirmish at, Aug. 21, 1863
Skirmish at, Oct. 13, 1863
Skirmish at, Nov. 4, 1863

Skirmish near, Nov. 17, 1864
Scout from Huntsville to, April 5–7, 1865

Mobile Alabama

Operations about, Feb. 16-March 27, 1864
Seizure of the sloop Isabella at, March 20, 1861
Evacuation of, by Confederate forces, April 11, 1865
Occupation of, by Union forces, April 12, 1865 
Explosion of ordnance depot at, May 25, 1865 
Campaign, March 17 to May 4, 1865

Mobile Bay

Naval reconnoissance of Forts Morgan and Gaines, Jan. 20, 1864
Operations in, Aug. 2-23, 1864
Capture of C. S. Selma in, Aug. 5, 1864
Boat reconnoissance into, July 6, 1864
Naval engagement in, Dec. 24, 1861
Naval battle of, Aug. 5, 1864
Naval reconnoissance in, Aug. 15, 1864
Attack on U. S. S. Sebago in, Oct. 9, 1864 
Attack on U. S. S. Octoraro in, Jan. 28, 1865.

Montevallo Alabama

Skirmish at, March 30, 1865
Action near, March 31, 1865

Montgomery Alabama

Occupation of, by Union forces, April 12, I865

Montgomery was named the first capital of the Confederate States of America, and Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as President on the steps of the State Capitol. The convention and subsequent Confederate government activities were based at the Exchange Hotel near Court Square. On April 11, the order to fire on Fort Sumter, the act which started the American Civil War, was sent from the Winter Building, which served as the telegraph office.  Montgomery remained virtually untouched by conflict during the war. On April 12, 1865, following the Battle of Selma, Major General James H. Wilson captured Montgomery for the Union.

Montpelier Springs Alabama

Skirmish at, April 20, 1865

Mooresville Alabama

Mooresville is a town in Limestone County, Alabama, United States, located southeast of the intersection of Interstate 565 and Interstate 65, and north of Wheeler Lake. The Union Army occupied Mooresville several times during the Civil War, and a few skirmishes were fought in the vicinity. Future U.S. president James Garfield, then a Union general camped in the area, delivered a sermon at the Mooresville Church of Christ in 1863.[5]

Operations in the vicinity of, May 1-2,1862

Morgan, Fort

Seizure of, by State Troops, Jan. 5, 
Atton blockade runner under the guns of, Oct. 12, I803
Naval reconnoissance of, Jan. 20, 1864
Capture of Confederate picket near, July 22, 1864
Passage of, by the Union fleet, and engagement in Mobile Bay, Aug. 5, 1864
Siege of, August 9-22, 1864
Bonoment of, by Union naval forces, Aug. 22-23, I804
Surrender of (by Confederate forces), Aug. 23, 1864

Moulton Alabama

Lawrence County Alabama

Action, May 29, 1864. Gen. Roddey’s Alabama cavalry makes a pre-dawn attack on camps of Col. Long’s Ohio cavalry brigade. Roddey retires after a hard fight of two hours. Long reports three dead and fourteen wounded; Confederate casualties are higher.

A skirmish at nearby Antioch Church occurs on Aug. 18-19, 1864. The 9th Ill. Mtd. reports combats with Roddey’s cavalry nearby on Mar. 8th and 21st, 1864.

Expedition from Decatur to, Aug. 17-20, 1864.
Skirmish near, March 21, 1864

Mount Pleasant Alabama

Skirmish near, April 11, 1865

Mount Vernon Arsenal

Seizure of, by State  Troops, Jan. 4, 1861

Muddy Creek

Skirmish at, March 26, 1865

Munford’s Station

Action at, April 23, 1865

MUSCLE SHOALS (See Florence, Oct. 30, 1864


Expedition from Decherd, Tenn., to, Aug. 5-9, 1863

Neal’s Gap

Skirmish at, Sept. 1, 1863
Skirmish at, Sept. 17, 1863

New Market Alabama

Madison County Alabama

Skirmish Aug. 5, 1862. During an attack on a Union wagon train, Gen. R. L. McCook is shot inside an ambulance. Accused of his murder, Capt. Frank Gurley is captured nearby on Oct. 20, 1863, held on capital charges but eventually released. Another skirmish occurs here on Nov. 17, 1864.

Skirmish near, Aug. 5, 1862
Skirmish near, Oct. 12, 1863
Skirmish near, Nov. 17, 1864
Scout from Huntsville to, April 5–7,
Expedition from Pulaski, Tenn., to, May 5-13, 1865


Action at, April 3,

Old Deposit Ferry

Skirmish at, July 29, 1862

Opelika Alabama

As a result of Opelika’s transportation infrastructure, many warehouses for storing cotton and other goods were built. With the onset of the Civil War, these warehouses were converted to Confederate supply depots. In 1864 and 1865, Union raids commanded by Lovell Rousseau and James H. Wilson attacked Opelika, tearing up the railroads and destroying all government property, including Opelika’s warehouses. After crossing the Tallapoosa River, they were to dismantle segments of the railroad between Tuskegee and Opelika by heating the iron rails and twisting them into what would become known as “Sherman’s Neckties.” Montgomery, Opelika, and Columbus, Georgia, were identified as points of strategic importance.

Skirmish near, April 16, 1865

Paint Rock Alabama

Jackson County Alabama

The Skirmish at Paint Rock Bridge was an action fought between a Union Army detachment of 27 men guarding a bridge near Woodville, Alabama and a Confederate States Army cavalry detachment intent on destroying the railroad bridge on April 28, 1862 during the American Civil War. Union Army brigade commander Colonel Joshua W. Sill reported that the men from the 10th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment, commanded by Colonel Arnold R. Chapin, who were under the immediate command of Sergeant William Nelson[1] and Sergeant Augustus H. Makimson held off the Confederate force of 250 men for over two hours and killed 7 Confederates and captured 1 wounded Confederate soldier who told the Union men of the Confederate numbers and casualties. The action resulted in the Union maintaining control of an intact railroad line through the area.

Skirmish at, Jan. 26, 1865

Paint Rock Bridge

The Skirmish at Paint Rock Bridge was an action fought between a Union Army detachment of 27 men guarding a bridge near Woodville, Alabama and a Confederate States Army cavalry detachment intent on destroying the railroad bridge on April 28, 1862 during the American Civil War. Union Army brigade commander Colonel Joshua W. Sill reported that the men from the 10th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment, commanded by Colonel Arnold R. Chapin, who were under the immediate command of Sergeant William Nelson[1] and Sergeant Augustus H. Makimson held off the Confederate force of 250 men for over two hours and killed 7 Confederates and captured 1 wounded Confederate soldier who told the Union men of the Confederate numbers and casualties. The action resulted in the Union maintaining control of an intact railroad line through the area.

Skirmish at, April 28, 1862
Skirmish at, April 8, 1864
Skirmish near, Dec. 7, 1864
Affair at, Dec. 31, 1864

Skirmish near, Nov. 19, 1864

Skirmish at, July 30, 1864

Peter’s Bluff

Naval action at, Sept. 11, 1864

Plantersville Alabama

Dallas County Alabama

The Battle of Ebenezer Church was a battle that was fought near Plantersville, Alabama between Union Army cavalry under Brigadier General and Brevet Major General of volunteers James H. Wilson and Confederate States Army cavalry under Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest on April 1, 1865 during Wilson’s Raid into Alabama in the final full month of the American Civil War.

Pollard Alabama

Escambia County Alabama

Pollard became important when Pensacola fell to Union forces. It was the intersection of the rail line north from Pensacola (rendered useless when Pensacola fell) and the rail line from Tensaw, a connection to Mobile. Basically, it was the southern Communication/supply route to Montgomery and the Confederate position that protected Montgomery from the Federal troops at Pensacola. The battles included skirmishes north of Pensacola, Pine Barren Creek, Little Escambia Creek, and Pringles’ Creek. The town was not raided until 1864 when it was burned. Afterwards, the “battles” were generally located along the rail line to Tensaw. They fought at Canoe Station and Wawbeek, then called Miles Crossing, in the move to Blakeley. In the other direction, a skirmish was fought at the Big Escambia Creek crossing at today’s Flomaton. Confederates made a small stand at Mitchell’s Creek in the area of Flomaton, a town created after the war.

Early in the Civil War, the Confederacy established Camp Pollard, a substantial military training camp, north of town to protect the railroad lines. It also was referred to as Camp Tattnall for Capt. John R. F. Tattnall, who commanded the camp. In December 1864, Union raiders from Fort Barrancas near Pensacola overran Pollard, burned the town’s buildings, and destroyed the railroad tracks. Late in the war, the town experienced three Union incursions. A Union brigade under Lt. Col. Andrew B. Spurling marched on Pollard in late March 1865 as part of the movement against Fort Blakeley and took control of the town, which had been abandoned by Confederate troops. About the same time, Maj. Gen Frederick Steele came through, and then Maj. Gen. Benjamin H. Grierson passed through in mid-April.

Expedition from Barrancas, Fla., toward, July 21–25, 1864.
Expedition from Barrancas, Fla., to, Dec. 13-19, 1864, and skirmishes. Occupation of, by Union forces, Mar. 26, 1865.

Pond Springs Alabama

Lawrence County Alabama

Action, May 27, 1864. Roddey’s Alabama cavalry dismounts to form line of battle on the Garth Farm. Federal infantry emerge to meet them and soon drive the Southerners down the road to Courtland. Marching 50 miles in 36 hours, Federal troops find Col. Patterson’s Alabamians in camp on June 29, 1864. Ten prisoners are taken, along with wagons, equipment and horses. No Federal losses are reported. Another dawn attack on Aug. 9, 1864, secures large numbers of horses, cattle, sheep, negroes and 12 Confederate prisoners.

Affair at, June 29, 1864
Skirmish at, Dec. 29, 1864

Skirmish near, Aug. 24, 1863.

Evacuation of, by Confederate forces, Aug. 5, 1864.

RACCOON FORD (See Florence, Oct. 30, 1864).

Randolph Alabama

Bibb County Alabama

Skirmish near, April 1,

Destruction of salt-works near, Sept. 
5, I 3.

Action at, April 22, 1863.

RODDEY’S RAID (See Wheeler and Roddey’s Raid, Sept. 30–Oct. 17, 1863).

Rogersville Alabama

A letter by the 79th Pennsylvania’s regular correspondent, Corp. Elias H. Witmer (bio). He has a stinging review of the Alabama town of Rogersville, which displays full Lancaster County snobbery on the two matters of which a 19th-century Lancasterian would be most proud: public education and farm management:

Rogersville is a small post village, and one of the smallest kind, in Limstone county. It is one of those towns which we find at almost every cross road in the northern states, containing a smith shop, dwelling, and school house; but the town, however, is minus the latter. It is black as “Tow Hill” [in Columbia, PA]; occupied almost entirely by the same race of people; was built by the first settlers, who, from appearance, had great antipathy to white-wash, paint, and elbow grease. The country is as barren as Patagonia; their cattle &c., as poor as Job’s famous turkey, and the citizens very ready to take the oath of allegiance,and then–cut your throat. Land sells from a dime to five dollars an acre, and produces excellent crops of mullin and thistles. Their plows are self-sharpening land pike, and their swine such as require knots tied in their tails to prevent them from getting into the potato patch. Each family supports a score of cats, and a dozen dogs, which receive more care and attention than their children, and their continual barking makes the nights hideous. The people, in general, live and die in ignorance. Other people think for them, and thus they become and remain the dupes of another’s will.


Occupation of, May 13-14, 1862

Scout from Pulaski, Tenn., to, April 23-26, 1865


Raid on, Sept. 30–Oct. 17, 1863

Skirmish near, Oct. 25, 1864

Russellville Alabama

Skirmish near, July 3, 1862
Skirmish at, Dec. 31, 1864
Expedition from Eastport, Miss., to, Feb. 19-23, 1865.

Sand Mountain, Action at, April 30, 1863.
Skirmish at, Dec. 26, 1863. –


Skirmish near, April 2, 1865.

U. S. S., Attack on, in Mobile Bay, Oct. 9, 1864.

C. S. S., Capture of, in Mobile Bay, Aug. 5, 1864.

Raid from Chickasaw to, March 22-April 24, 1865.

SHOAL CREEK, Skirmish at, Jan. 14, 1864.
Skirmish near, Oct. 31, 1864.
Skirmishes at, Nov. 5-6, 1864.
Skirmish at, Nov. 9, 1864.
Skirmish at, Nov. II, 1864.
Skirmishes on the line of, Nov. 16-20, 1864.

Scout in, July 18–21, 1864

Sipsey Creek (See Lanier’s Mills, April 6, 1865)

Six-Mile Creek

Action at, March 31, 1865

Scout from Triana to, July 29, 1864

Affair on, Aug. 6, 1864

Spanglers Mill

Lawrence County Alabama

Action, July 26, 1862. 3rd Mich. Cav., Cos. H, L and M, encounter Confederates at the mill near Jonesborough, loosing two killed, five wounded and ten captured in a brief but deadly fight.

Spanish Fort Alabama

Baldwin County Alabama

Skirmish near, March 26, 1865

The U.S. 16th Corps and two Divisions of the 13th Corps invested the Confederate defenses with siege trenches and contin- uous artillery fire. Just after dark on April 8th a vigorous Federal assault broke through part of the defenses. A valiant Confeder- ate counterattack stalled the Federals but the fate of the fort was sealed. During the night the garrison was successfully evacuated to Mobile.

Siege of, March 27-April 8, 1865

at, July 28, 1862
Skirmish at, Aug. 31, 1862
Skirmish at, Sept. 7, 1863
Scout from, to Caperton’s Ferry and vicinity, April11, 1864

Skirmishes at, March 15-18, 1865.

Steele’s column reached,
March 31, 1865.
Scout from near Blakely toward, April 7, 1865.

STREIGHT’S RAID from Tuscumbia, Ala., toward Rome, Ga., April 26-May 3, 1863.

Sulphur Creek Trestle

Action at, and surrender of, Sept. 25, 1864.

After defeating the Union forces in Athens, Forrest moved north along the railroad with the intent to destroy a strategic trestle at Sulphur Creek, six miles north of Athens. A fortification, two blockhouses, and a force of 1,000 Union soldiers defended the trestle.

On the morning of the 25th, the Confederate forces began an artillery bombardment of the fort. The fortification had been built below the summits of adjacent hills, and thus provided little defense against the bombardment. 200 Union soldiers were killed, including the commander, Colonel William Hopkins Lathrop. By noon, George Spalding had surrendered the remaining 800 soldiers. There were no reported Confederate losses.

SULPHUR SPRINGS ROAD (See Kelly’s Plantation, April 11, 1864)

Skirmish at, April 2,
Occupation of, by Union troops, April 22, 1865.

Tap’s Gap Alabama

Skirmish at, Sept. 1, 1863. Gen. Jos. Wheeler; total loss 7. Federal, total loss 150. In late August 1863, the Federal Army of Cumberland began moving toward Georgia. On the extreme right of the Federal lines, the XX Corps, approximately 5,000 soldiers commanded by Major General Alexander M. McCook, began advancing across Lookout Mountain with Alpine, Summerville, and Rome, Georgia as the objective line of march.

At this site on September 1, 1863, Confederate cavalry of the Army of Tennessee commanded by Major General Joseph Wheeler massed to plan and impede the Federal advance. Wheeler’s forces blockaded the mountain roads and passes with felled trees.

On September 1st, the Federal cavalry vanguard reached the east side of Lookout Mountain and there were cavalry skirmishes at Tap’s Gap (present-day Cloudland) and at Neal’s Gap in Chattooga County.

U. S. S., Sunk near Fort Morgan, Aug. 5, 

Skirmish at, July 14, 1864

TENNESSEE, C. S. S., Capture of, in Mobile Bay, Aug. 5, 1864.

Reconnoissance down, April 12-16, 1864

Thorn Hill

Skirmish near, Jan. 4,

Town Creek Alabama

Lawrence County Alabama

Action, Apr. 27-28, 1863. Forrest joins Roddey’s cavalrymen as they fall back fighting to Town Creek. An artillery duel begins along the creek next morning, ending when Union Gen. Grenville M. Dodge’s troops cross the railroad bridge and Forrest’s men retreat eastward towards Jonesborough.

Skirmish at, April 6, 1863
Action at, April 28, 1863

TRACY, BATTERY, Bombardment and capture of, April 9-11, 1865.

TRENTON, Reconnoissance from Bridgeport toward, Oct.20, 1863.

Reconnoissance from Bridgeport to the vicinity of, April 12-16, 1864.
Scout from, to Somerville, July 29, 1864.

Skirmishes at and near, July 25, 1862.
Skirmish at, Aug. 22, 1862.
Affair near, Aug. 23, 1862.

Skirmish at, April 1,

Skirmish at, Oct.
25, 1864.

Action near, April 3,
Occupation of, by Union forces, April 4, 1865.

Tusculga Occupation of, by Union forces, April 16, Ioo2.
Skirmishes at, April 24-25, 1862.
Reconnoissance from Corinth, Miss., toward, Dec. 9-14, 
Attack on, Feb. 22, 1863.
Skirmish at, April 23, 1863.

Raid from, toward Rome, Ga., April 26-May 3, 1863.
Skirmishes at, Oct. 24-25, 1863.
Skirmishes near, Feb. 20, 1865.

Skirmish near, April 14, 1865.

Expedition from Blakely to, April 17 30, 1865.

Scout from Triana to, Aug. 15, 1864.

Vienna Alabama

Madison County Alabama

Skirmish at nearby Cobb’s Mill, Jan. 29, 1864. On Apr. 21, 1864, Capt. Johnston captures eight of the 26th Iowa Regt. at Harrison’s Gap, Apr. 21, 1864. His men rout the 12th Ind. Cav. nearby at Yellow Bank Creek, July 8, 1864, and Moore’s Hill, Aug. 11, 1864.

Scout from Huntsville to near, April 3-4, 1865.

Warrenton Alabama

cout from Gunter’s Landing to, July 11, 1864, and skirmish.

Waterloo Alabama

Skirmish at, Feb. 12, 1865.

Affair near, July 31, 1864.

Steele’s column reached, March 29, 1865.

Action at, April 29,

Skirmish at, April 13, 1865.
Skirmish at, May 4, 1865.
WHEELER AND RODDEY’S RAID on Rosecrans’s communications, Sept. 30–Oct. 17, 1863.

WHISTLER (or Eight-Mile Creek Bridge), Skirmish at, pril 13, 1865.

Whitesburg Alabama

Madison County Alabama

Skirmish May 29, 1864. On Nov. 14-17, 1863, a strong Union patrol searches for rebels along the river from Whitesburg to Triana, finding few.

Expedition from Maysville to, Nov. 14-17, 1863.
Operations about, Feb. 2, 1864.
Expedition from, to Fearn’s Ferry, Feb. 17-18, 1865.

Skirmish at, Sept. 1, 1863.

Skirmish in, Aug. 31, 1863.

WILSON’S RAID from Chickasaw to Selma, Ala., and Macon, Ga., March 22-April 24, 1865.

Reconnoissance from,
into Broomtown Valley, Sept. 5, 1863.
Skirmish at, Sept. 8, 1863.

Skirmish at, April 7, 1864. woobyle, Attack on Union pickets near, Aug. 4, IS02.
Reconnoissance from, to Guntersville, Aug. 5–7, 1862.
Affair near, Jan. 23, 1864.
Scout from, March 30, 1864.