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Sumter County, Alabama, was created on 1832 Dec. 18, from former Choctaw Indian territory. The county is located in the west-central part of the state, bordering the State of Mississippi to the west and the Tombigbee River to the east.
The 1st Alabama Cavalry was raised from Alabama Unionists at Huntsville, Alabama and Memphis, Tennessee in October, 1862 after Federal troops occupied the area. It was attached to the XVI Corps in various divisions until November 1864, when it became part of the XV Corps. During this time, its duties mostly consisted of scouting, raiding, reconnaissance, flank guard, and providing screening to the infantry while on the march.