Alabama is divided into 67 counties and contains 460 incorporated municipalities consisting of 169 cities and 291 towns. These cities and towns cover only 9.6% of the state’s land mass but are home to 60.4% of its population.
The Code of Alabama 1975 defines the legal use of the terms “town” and “city” based on population. A municipality with a population of 2,000 or more is a city, while less than 2,000 is a town.
For legislative purposes, municipalities are divided into eight classes based on population.
Class 1 is defined as all cities with a population of 300,000. Although no cities in the state currently meet this population requirement, Birmingham was allowed to remain a class 1 city since it incorporated with a 1970 population of 300,910 before the cutoff date of June 28, 1979.
Class 2 are cities between 175,000 and 299,999 inhabitants which include present day Montgomery, Mobile, and Huntsville.
There are no present Class 3 cities which require populations between 100,000 and 174,999 inhabitants.
Tuscaloosa, Hoover, Dothan, Decatur and Auburn are Class 4 cities with between 50,000 and 99,999 inhabitants.
Ten cities fall under Class 5: a population greater than 25,000 and less than 49,999.
There are 34 cities that are Class 6, with between 12,000 and 24,999 inhabitants,
and 40 cities that are Class 7 with a population from 6,000 to 11,999 inhabitants.
Class 8 includes all towns, plus all remaining cities with populations of less than 6,000.
The largest municipality by population is Birmingham with 212,237 residents while the smallest by population is McMullen with 10 people. The largest municipality by land area is Huntsville, which spans 209.05 sq mi, while the smallest is McMullen at 0.11 sq mi.
There is a legend in south Alabama, associated with the spirit of a man known as, “Railroad Bill”. This story, from slave cultures, during the post-Civil War era, during the reconstruction of the South, documents a “Robin Hood” type character who stole from food trains and sold the items to poor, rural southern families for less than they could buy them in general stores.
The Lost Confederate Gold
Legend tells of two crates, each sized about 2’x3’x4′ were filled with gold and silver coins said to be around $100,000 in value and buried by Confederate forces. Some stories say the crates were made of wood, some say metal. The crates were buried when Union forces were approaching as the wagon transporting the treasure became stuck in a bog-hole near Athens Alabama. The cache was made at an 1865 era steam crossing about 4 miles North of of Athens and about 1/2 mile West of the crossing. More Alabama Gold Stories and Treasure Legends.
The establishment and growth of Fort McClellan and the Anniston Army Depot during the First and the Second World Wars boosted Anniston’s social life and economic status, luring in thousands of new residents.
Union Springs, a small historic town, is the county seat of Bullock County. Located in southeast Alabama, it is less than an hour’s drive from several destination cities, including Montgomery, Auburn, Troy, and Eufaula.
Established in 1980, Bon Secour (the name, in French, means “safe harbor”) is smaller than most other national wildlife refuges, and is divided into Sand Bayou, Perdue, Little Point Clear, Fort Morgan, and Little Dauphin Island.
Monte Sano State Park is a publicly owned recreation area and mountaintop retreat encompassing 2,140 acres on the eastern portion of the top and slopes of Monte Sano Mountain on the east side of Huntsville, Alabama.