The main unit of the 11,184-acre refuge is located about 7 miles north of the city of Eufaula, Alabama, along both banks of the Chattahoochee River in southeast Alabama and southwest Georgia. Wetlands, croplands, woodlands, old fields, grasslands, and open water create a mosaic of wildlife-rich habitats that support almost 300 species of birds, 40 species of mammals, and many species of amphibians, reptiles and fishes.
The refuge is open to the public and offers limited opportunities for hiking and wildlife photography. Fishing is not permitted on the refuge for the protection of the watercress darter.
Mountain Longleaf NWR is located on the former military training lands of Fort McClellan. The mountains of the refuge, Choccolocco and the Talladega Mountains, are a part of the Blue Ridge Mountains in the southernmost portions of the Appalachian Mountains.
Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge is a 199-acre National Wildlife Refuge located in northeastern Alabama, near Paint Rock, Alabama in Jackson County. More than 1,200 visitors per year visit the refuge. The facility is unstaffed, but is administered by the Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge in Decatur.
The Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge was once called the Blowing Wind Cave National Wildlife Refuge. In the past, the cave served a variety of uses. Cherokee natives mined the soil to make saltpeter for gunpowder. Saltpeter mining continued on occasion across the War of 1812, and the American Civil War.
Updated information for Alabama’s eleven National Wildlife Refuges.
Over 20,000 people visit Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge annually to enjoy fishing, hunting, wildlife observation and other compatible wildlife dependent activities.
Established in 1980, Bon Secour (the name, in French, means “safe harbor”) is smaller than most other national wildlife refuges, and is divided into Sand Bayou, Perdue, Little Point Clear, Fort Morgan, and Little Dauphin Island.
The river and canyon have formed a wild and rugged landscape that allows for a range of peaceful and challenging recreational opportunities. The river supports world-class whitewater paddling and the canyon supports exceptional climbing opportunities. The opportunity for hiking, swimming, and fishing in natural areas away from city life are exemplified at Martha’s Falls and Canyon Mouth.
Talladega National Forest
Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge is a little off the beaten path but well worth the trip. Water defines this 4,218 – acre refuge, covering roughly one-half of the refuge in creeks, sloughs, lakes, and backwaters of the Tombigbee River, which borders the refuge for 6.5 miles
The Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge in northern Morgan County includes 35,000 acres and is home to Alabama’s largest overwintering duck population.
Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge has large open fields managed for warm-season native grasses interspersed with small patches of deciduous woodland and the seasonal sinkhole wetland. The refuge is gradually being converted from crops to native warm-season grasslands.
Talladega National Forest