THE FIFTY-THIRD ALABAMA CAVALRY The Fifty-third regiment of mounted infantry was organized in the fall of 1862 by the addition of several companies to Maj. T. F. Jenkins’ battalion, which had already rendered gallant service at Shiloh. Major Jenklns and Captain Cox commanded mounted companies in the Seventh Alabama prior to April, 1862. The regiment […]
The state raised five regiments for the U.S. Army, four of them for Black troops (Union U.S.C.T.). In addition, there were Confederate troops in sixty-five infantry regiments, plus sixteen cavalry and three of artillery, that fought against the government. A large number of irregular units were also organized locally.
Alabama was protected by Confederate troops against most major military operations, except the Battle of Mobile Bay (August 1864) and final conflicts of the War at Spanish Fort and Fort Blakeley (April 9, 1865), the last major battle of the Civil War. The state contributed about 120,000 men to the Confederate service, practically all the white population capable of bearing arms. Most were recruited locally and served with men they knew, which built esprit and strengthened ties to home.
Also known as Law’s Brigade, the Alabama Brigade was a military formation of the Confederate States Armyduring the American Civil War. It was created in 1863 and participated in major combat operations such as the Battle of Gettysburg, the Battle of Chickamauga, the Battle of the Wilderness and the Richmond-Petersburg Campaign. It was considered one of the great fighting brigades of the Army of Northern Virginia.
The 1st Alabama Cavalry was raised from Alabama Unionists at Huntsville, Alabama and Memphis, Tennessee in October, 1862 after Federal troops occupied the area. It was attached to the XVI Corps in various divisions until November 1864, when it became part of the XV Corps. During this time, its duties mostly consisted of scouting, raiding, reconnaissance, flank guard, and providing screening to the infantry while on the march.
4th (Roddey’s) Cavalry Regiment was organized at Tuscumbia, Alabama, in October, 1862. The men were from Franklin, Lauderdale, Lawrence, and Walker counties. On April 2, 1865, most of the unit was captured. The remaining part surrendered.
4th Alabama Infantry Regiment Field and Staff
Colonels – Egbert J. Jones of Madison; killed at the first Manassas. Evander M. Law of Macon; promoted. Pinckney D. Bowles* of Conecuh.
Lieutenant Colonels – E.M. Law; promoted. Thomas J. Goldsby of Dallas; wounded at Cold Harbor; resigned. Owen K. McLemore of Chambers; killed at Boonsboro. P.D. Bowles; promoted. L. Houston Scruggs of Madison; wounded at Chicamauga.
Majors – Charles L. Scott of Wilcox; wounded at Manassas; resigned. P.D. Bowles; promoted. L.H. Scruggs; promoted. Thomas K. Coleman of Perry; killed at Chicamauga. W.M. Robbins of Perry; wounded at Wilderness.
Adjutant – Robert T. Coles of Madison; wounded at Gaines’ Mill.
Fourth Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized at Dalton, Georgia, May 2, 1861, and proceeded at once to Virginia. Mustered into service for twelve months at Lynchburg, May 7, it proceeded to Harper’s Ferry. It soon after fell back to Winchester, where it became part of Gen. B. E. Bee’s Brigade – of which the 2nd and 11th Mississippi, 1st Tennessee, and 6th North Carolina were the other regiments.
5th Cavalry Regiment, organized at Tuscumbia, Alabama, in December, 1862, recruited its men in Morgan, Lawrence, Fayette, Franklin, Lauderdale, Tuscaloosa, and Marion counties.The small force that remained surrendered at Danville, Alabama, on May 6, 1865.
The Autauga Rifles was organized at Independence Alabama in May 1861, was camped a few days at Autaugaville and was ordered to Corinth Mississippi.
13th Battalion Partisan Rangers, organized during the early fall of 1862, contained four companies.
The 15th Alabama is most famous for being the regiment that confronted the 20th Maine on Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg on July 2, 1863. Despite several ferocious assaults, the 15th Alabama was ultimately unable to dislodge the Union troops, and was eventually forced to retreat in the face of a desperate bayonet charge led by the 20th Maine’s commander, Col. Joshua L. Chamberlain.
15th Confederate Cavalry 15th Confederate Cavalry captured at Mount Pleasant (just east of Choctaw Bluffs in Monroe County) appears in the National Archives microfilm for Alabama (M311) under the heading, “Fifteenth Alabama Cavalry”. This skirmish took place on April 11, 1865.—
19th Infantry Regiment, organized at Huntsville, Alabama, in August, 1861, contained men from Blount, Cherokee, Pickens, Coosa, Chilton, and Jefferson counties. Only 76 men were present when it surrendered
Company D was organized at Dublin, Alabama, and elected officers 17 September 1861 at Montgomery, Alabama. Company D and her sister companies were formed from men who were recruited from Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, and Walker counties. The 22nd Alabama Infantry Regiment was then organized by Major Z. C. Deas and Major Robert B. Armistead in Montgomery, Alabama, on 6 October 1861
27th Infantry Regiment was organized in December, 1861, at Fort Heimen, Tennessee. Its companies were recruited in Franklin, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Mobile, Madison, and Morgan counties.
March 29 to May 20, 1862. Encamped for training at Hall’s Mill. May 20 to July 24, l862. Encamped at Mt. Vernon and worked at Oven Bluff. July 24 to October 10, 1862. Encamped and worked at Choctaw Bluff.
Lumsden’s battery, Capt. C. L. Lumsden, was organized at Tuscaloosa, and reported at Mobile, November, 1861
Semple’s battery was organized in Montgomery, March, 1862. It was ordered first to Mobile and afterward to the army of Tennessee, and was brigaded under Lowrey, Deshler, Woods, and in Cleburne’s and Cheatham’s corps.
Eufaula Light Artillery Eufaula Light Artillery was organized in February, 1862, at Eufaula, Alabama, and contained men from Barbour and adjoining counties. After fighting at Tazewell and Murfreesboro it was assigned to T.J. Stanford’s and J.W. Eldridge’s Battalion of Artillery, Army of Tennessee. The unit served with the army from Chickamauga to Atlanta, then moved […]