22nd Regiment Alabama Volunteer Infantry

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Flag of Alabama 1861 obverse—On January 11, 1861, the Alabama Secession Convention passed a resolution designating an official flag. Designed by several women from Montgomery, final touches were made by Francis Corra of that city.

The 22nd Regiment Alabama Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War.

This regiment was organized at Montgomery, Alabama, November, 1861, and armed by private enterprise. It first served in Mobile, Alabama; from there it was ordered to Corinth, Mississippi, and reached Tennessee in time for the Battle of Shiloh, where it suffered severe loss. It fought at Munfordville, 14 to 16 September 1862; at Perryville, 8 October, and at Murfreesboro, 31 December to 2 January 1863. It took a very brilliant part in the impetuous assault on Rosecrans’ army at the Battle of Chickamauga, 20 September, and suffered severely, losing almost two-thirds of its forces, the killed including five color-bearers. It served in the campaign in Georgia, losing heavily in the battles around Atlanta, Georgia, July, 1864, and at Jonesboro, 31 August and 1 September. It was also distinguished at Franklin, 30 November; at Nashville, 15 and 16 December; at Kinston, North Carolina, 14 March 1865, and at Bentonville, 19 to 21 March. In April it was consolidated with the Twenty-fifth, Thirty-ninth and Fiftieth, under Colonel Toulmin.

Field and Staff:

Colonels:
Zach C. Deas of Mobile; wounded at Shiloh; promoted.
John C. Marrast of Mobile; died in the service.
Benjamin R. Hart of Montgomery; killed near Atlanta.
Harry T. Toulmin of Mobile.

Lieutenant Colonels:
John C. Marrast; promoted.
John Weedon of Mobile; killed at Chicamauga.
Benjamin R. Hart; promoted.
Harry T. Toulmin; promoted.
E. Herbert Armstead of Mobile; killed at Franklin.

Majors:
Robert Beverly Armstead of Mobile; killed at Shiloh.
John Weedon; promoted.
Benjamin R. Hart; wounded at Chicamauga; promoted.
H.T. Toulmin; promoted.
E. H. Armstead; promoted.
Thomas Mc. Prince, Jr. of Chocta; wounded at Franklin.

Adjutants:
Elias F. Travis of Mobile; wounded at Shiloh; transferred.
Wm. G. Smith of Mobile; resigned.
J.L. Lockwood of Montgomery; wounded at Jonesboro.

Captains and Companies:
Co. “A” (Walker):
John Weedon (promoted to Major)
Isaac M. Whitney

Co. “B”, Frank Lyon Rifles (Clarke):
James Deas Nott (KIA, Chickamauga)
Joseph R. Cowan (wounded, near Marietta)

Co. “C”, Brownrigg Warriors (Choctaw):
Abner C. Gaines (KIA, Shiloh)
Thomas McCarroll Prince (wounded, Chickamauga; promoted to Major)
Joseph R. Cowan (wounded near Mobile)

Co. “D” (Cherokee):
Stephen R. Hood (resigned, 10 Jan 62)
Edward Herbert Armistead (promoted)
T. C. Hagood
Thomas M. Brindley (KIA, near Atlanta, July 64)

Co. “E” (Calhoun):
John R. Northcutt (resigned, 13 June 62)
Jacob G. Mordecai

Co. “F” (Randolph):
O. W. Shepherd (wounded, near Shiloh; resigned, 27 May 62)
James B. Martin; Hures Austill

Co. “G” (Randolph):
R. G. Roberts (dismissed, 25 June 63)
S. H. Pairs (deserted, 27 Oct 62)
Benjamin B. Little (KIA, Jonesboro)
William O. Baldwin (KIA, Franklin)

Co. “H”, Sam Cooper Rifles (Mobile):
Wilton L. Young (promoted to Major, 10th Bn.)
Harry T. Toulmin (wounded, Shiloh; promoted to Major)
Simon Franklin Preston

Co. “I” (Pike):
Andrew P. Love (wounded, Shiloh; resigned, 1 July 62; transferred to Jeff Davis’ Cavalry)
Willis C. Wood (wounded, Murfreesboro; resigned, 31 Oct 64)
Willis H. Henderson (wounded, Kinston)

Co. “K” (Montgomery and Pike):
Benjamin R. Hart (promoted to Major)
Hugh W. Henry

History of 22nd Regiment Alabama Infantry

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