27th Regiment, Alabama Infantry
- 27th Infantry Regiment was organized in December, 1861, at Fort Heimen, Tennessee. Its companies were recruited in Franklin, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Mobile, Madison, and Morgan counties. The unit was sent to Fort Henry, then Fort Donelson where it was captured on February 16, 1862. However, a number of men were sick in the hospital and escaped the surrender. These men were organized into two companies, joined a Mississippi regiment, and at the Battle of Perryville lost 8 killed and 25 wounded. The main body of the regiment was exchanged, reunited with the other two companies at Port Hudson, and assigned to Beall’s and Buford’s Brigade, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. The 27th was engaged at Champion’s Hill and Big Black River Bridge, served in the trenches at Jackson, and later moved with the army across the Pearl River. During the spring of 1864, it joined with the Army of Tennessee and, attached to General Scott’s and Shelley’s Brigade, participated in many conflicts from Resaca to Bentonville. Only a remnant surrendered on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Adolphus A. Hughes and James Jackson, Lieutenant Colonel Edward McAlexander, and Major R.G. Wright.
- Source: National Park Service
Editor’s Note: The 27th is one of the few Alabama units for which a first hand account is available. J. B. Cannon’s Inside of Rebeldom is 344 pages in length. It contains no rosters, but is an excellent day by day account of the war.
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
Companies by County:
Company A – many men from Franklin County
Company B – many men from Franklin County
Company C – many men from Lauderdale County
Company D – many men from Lawrence County
Company E – many men from Lauderdale County
Company F – many men from Madison County
Company G – many men from Franklin County
Company H – many men from Morgan County
Company I – many men from Lawrence County
Company K – many men from Lauderdale County
The list of companies with their counties is on the researchonline.net website.
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘Alabama in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier’s name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- Alabama in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Alabama, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.dditional information.
- Cannon, J. P. Bloody banners and barefoot boys : a history of the 27th Regiment Alabama Infantry, CSA : the Civil War memoirs and diary entries of J.P. Cannon, M.D. (Shippensburg, Pennsylvania : Burd Street Press, c1997), FHL book 976.1 M2cr
- Cannon, Jabez P. Inside of rebeldom, the daily life of a private in the Confederate Army. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990), FHL fiche 6082301
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System