Civil War Confederate Hospitals In Alabama

Civil War Confederate Hospitals In Alabama

“Confederate military medical authorities established general hospitals behind the lines in at least thirty-nine cities and towns in Georgia, though many of them remained at a particular location for only a short time.

There were two types of hospitals during the Civil War. Field hospitals accompanied the armies, treating the sick and wounded first before sending those needing lengthier care to the general hospitals behind the lines, often at some distance from the front. Each general hospital had a staff, preferably of a size appropriate to its bed capacity. This staff included surgeons and assistant surgeons, a steward (manager and pharmacist), ward masters (supervisors), nurses, female matrons (domestic supervisors), cooks, and laundresses.”



Meridian, December 20, 1864.

Lieutenant-General TAYLOR,

Commanding Department:

GENERAL: I have the honor to report that, in obedience to orders, I visited the District of the Gulf for the purpose of inspecting the hospitals therein. After visiting the Nott hospital, which I found cleanly, well administered, and well appointed in all respects, I learned that Surgeon Brodie, medical director of the Western Division, had just completed an inspection, which i concluded would obviate the necessity of any official action on my part for the present. I have the honor to furnish you the accompanying list of hospitals in the district, their capacity, names of officers in charge, and number of patients now under treatment. I have the honor also to state that Surgeon Heustis, medical director of hospitals of this department, informed [me] that the capacity of the hospital in Mobile could be largely increased, sufficiently so to meet any emergency that may occur.

I have the honor to remain, most respectfully, &c.,


Surgeon and Assistant Inspector of Hospitals,

Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana.

List of hospitals in the Gulf District.

Hospitals. Capaci Station. Surgeon in charge.



Ross. 250 Mobile, Ala. S. L. Nidelet.

Cantey. 150…….. William Henderson.

Moore. 123…….. W. C. Cavenagh.

Le Vert. 30…….. R. H. Redwood.

Nott. 51…….. G. A. Nott.

Nidelet. 120…….. S. L. Paine.

Heustis. 90…….. J. M. Heard.

Miller. 170 Greenville, G. Owen.


General 150…….. R. B. Maury.


Total sick in hospital, 712.

Alabama Civil War Index
Alabama Civil War Index
Confederate Civil War Field Hospital
Confederate Civil War Field Hospital



Alabama Mobile Nott G.A. Nott

Nott Hospital

On May 14, 1863, a hotel on Royal Street became the S.P. Moore Hospital. The Soldiers Rest Hospital opened on July 18, 1865, and one year later it was converted into a hospital for officers only. Several days after the opening of this latter facility, the Nott Hospital began receiving patients. Mobile’s medical staff converted the Kennedy House Hotel into the Heustis Hospital on October 18, 1864. On November 23, 1864, the Mansion House Hotel became Nidelet Hospital, the last medical facility established by the military in Mobile. Both of the former hotels required extensive cleaning and renovation but became excellent hospitals.

Credit: Mobile Daily Advertiser, Jan. 9, 22, 1861

Alabama Mobile General W.C. Cavanaugh

surg., with J.K. Walker’s Tenn. Regt., 1861; surg., M.I.; acting M.D. to Maj. Gen. L. Polk August 27, 1862; M.D. Army of the Mississippi, October 26, 1862; M.D. to Lieut. Gen. L. Polk, January 1, 1863; in charge Hospital “Moore,” Dist. of the Gulf, October 23, 1864

Alabama Mobile General/Ross S.L. Nidelet
Alabama Mobile General W. Henderson
Alabama Mobile General R.H. Redwood

02/19/1864 – Assigned by Maj. Gen. D. H. Maury to the position of Surgeon-in-charge, LeVert Hospital, Mobile, AL
03/00/1864 – Surgeon-in charge, LaVert Hospital, Mobile, AL
04/28/1864 – Stationed, Mobile, AL
05/25/1864 – Surgeon-in-charge, LeVert Hospital, Mobile, AL
07/00/1864 – Medical Officer, LeVert Hospital (for Federal prisoners), Mobile, AL
12/20/1864 – Surgeon, LeVert Hospital, Mobile, AL
05/16/1865 – Paroled, Columbus, MS
1870 – Practiced medicine, Mobile, Mobile Co, AL
04/18/1874 – Died, Mobile, Mobile Co., AL

Dr. Robert Higgins Redwood

Alabama Greenville General R.B. Maury (Assistant)
Dr Richard Brooke Maury
Alabama Demopolis Way H. Hinckley
Alabama Tuscaloosa General R.N. Anderson
Alabama Selma General A.Hart
Alabama Selma Way W. Curry
Alabama Talladega Way G.S. Bryant
Alabama Spring Hill General G. Owen
Alabama Eufaula Way P.D.L. Baker
Alabama Auburn Texas L.A. Byron (Assistant)
Alabama Notasulga General U.R. Jones
Alabama Montgomery Ladies T.F. Duncan
Alabama Montgomery Stonewall W.M. Cole
Alabama Montgomery Madison House C.J. Clark
Alabama Montgomery Concert Hall W.J. Holt
Alabama Montgomery St. Mary’s J.H. Watters
Alabama Montgomery Watts F.M. Hereford
Alabama Uniontown Officer’s G.C. Gray
Alabama Shelby Springs General B.H. Thomas

Shelby Springs General Hospital

Shelby Springs Hotel Site of "General Hospital, Shelby Springs" during the Civil War Photo made before it was destroyed by fire on May 15, 1906
Shelby Springs Hotel Site of “General Hospital, Shelby Springs” during the Civil War Photo made before it was destroyed by fire on May 15, 1906

In about 1856 Mr. Jasper J. Norris of Selma leased the property consisting of 2,700 acres of wooded land, including the springs, hotel and cottages. During the Civil War, the facilities were used as a training center for the young Confederate soldiers. In 1862 Shelby Springs was known as Camp Winn. Several students in the University of Alabama Cadet Corps were sent there to drill troops for the Army. In 1863, the Confederate Army as a hospital and a soldier’s home used the hotel and cottages. Father Leray and the Sisters of Mercy staffed the hospital after fleeing Civil War destruction in Vicksburg, Mississippi. They brought with them by train many wounded and sick Confederate soldiers.
Credit: ALGenWeb


Additional Resources:

Essential Civil War Curriculum

Confederate Medical Personnel

Confederate States Medical and Surgical Journal