Imukfa Upper Creek Town


An Upper Creek town on the north or right bank of Imukfa Creek, in the southern part of Clay County. The people of the town were a vigorous and hearty branch of the Muscogees, and in 1799, Hawkins says that they had “fine rich plats on the creek, and a good range for their cattle; they possess some hogs, cattle and horses, and begin to be attentive to them.” The word is Hitchiti, meaning a shell, or a metallic orna- ment of concave shape. Hawkins defines it as “a gorget made of conch.” At or near this village Jackson fought the Creek Indians on January 22, 1814, or perhaps more properly, he successfully defended himself against their attack at that point, following the battle of Enitachopco.

References. — Gatschet, in Alabama History Commission, Report (1901), vol. 1, p. 398; Hawkins, Sketch of the Creek Country (1848), p. 47; Handbook of American Indians (1907), vol. 1, p. 603.