1804 Map of Mississippi Territory Atlas
Engraved map, uncolored. Relief shown by hachures. Shows settlements, Indian tribes, rivers, etc. Prime meridians: Philadelphia and London.
Creation of the Mississippi Territory
On April 7, 1798, Congress created the Mississippi Territory. The territory’s original boundaries consisted of the region bounded by the Mississippi and Chattahoochee rivers in the west and east, the 31st parallel in the south, and the point where the Yazoo River emptied into the Mississippi River in the north. The territory expanded twice over the next two decades. In 1804, the northern boundary was extended to the Tennessee state line, and in 1812, President James Madison annexed additional land along the Gulf of Mexico Coast. By 1813, the Mississippi Territory encompassed the boundaries of present-day Alabama and Mississippi.