Mobile County Alabama
Railroads in Alabama
Tennessee and Alabama Railroad.—Company incorporated in 1832. Capital, $3,000,000, to be divided into shares of $100 each. It is known that a population of at least 200,000 already inhabit the counties bordering on the Upper Tennessee and its tributaries, and that they have no market, or outlet for their products, but the long, expensive, and almost impracticable route to New Orleans. The country embraces about 40 counties, in Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, and Georgia; and it is not inferior in fertility to other portions of the States to which it belongs.
The Hiwassee is a considerable stream, rising in the mountains of Georgia, and, running a north-westerly course, discharges itself into the Tennessee above the Suck. For more than 22 miles it is navigable for steamboats at all seasons of the year. Commencing at the head of steam-boat navigation on the Hiwassee, it is proposed to construct a rail-road to M’Nair’s boat-yard, on the Connesauga, an upper branch of the Coosa, distant 16 miles. Cost, estimated at $51,000. From M’Nair’s boat-yard, descending the Connesauga to New Echota, a good navigation for tow-boats, drawing two feet of water, may be perfected at an expense of $8,000. Echota may be considered the limit of steam navigation. The river then takes the name of the Oostenaula, and, for the space of 60 miles, descending to the head of the Coosa, every obstacle to an uninterrupted navigation may be removed for $5,000. Thence to the Ten Islands, 105 miles, all obstructions may be removed for $1,000, making, in all, 271 miles of communication to be effected at the expense of $65,000. From the Ten Islands to Selma, in Alabama, the distance is 105 miles, and it is proposed to connect these points by a rail-road, the estimated cost of which is $735,000. Making the aggregate distance from the Tennessee to Selma, on the Alabama, 371 miles, and to Mobile 600 miles; and the whole cost of the improvements $800,000.
The Tuscumbia Rail-road, which was begun in 1831, was constructed in order to avoid the Muscle Shoals, and extends from Tuscumbia to Decatur. It consists of a single track of rails, and cost about $3,500 a mile.
A company has also been incorporated to construct a rail-road from Montgomery to the Chattahoochee, opposite to Columbus, Georgia.
Another rail-road has been lately projected to extend from Montgomery to West-Point, on the Chattahoochee, about 40 miles above Columbus, the length of which will be upwards of 90 miles.