Ranburne is a town in Cleburne County. Ranburne incorporated in 1957, and it built a town hall in 1959. The present-day town of Ranburne sits on the site of the oldest settlement in Cleburne County, dating back to around 1814. The territory that encompassed Ranburne lay within Cherokee Territory, and thus white settlement was sparse until the Cherokees were forced from their land by the U.S. government in the 1830s. During this early period, the town originally was called Lost Creek, after an incident in which a young boy wandered off down a creek in the area and was never found.