Ranburne is a town in Cleburne County. Ranburne incorporated in 1957, and it built a town hall in 1959.
The present-day town of Ranburne sits on the site of the oldest settlement in Cleburne County, dating back to around 1814. The territory that encompassed Ranburne lay within Cherokee Territory, and thus white settlement was sparse until the Cherokees were forced from their land by the U.S. government in the 1830s. During this early period, the town originally was called Lost Creek, after an incident in which a young boy wandered off down a creek in the area and was never found.
As of the census of 2000, there were 459 people, 186 households, and 137 families residing in the town. The population density was 289.9 people per square mile . There were 211 housing units at an average density of 133.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 100.00% White. 0.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Ranburne’s population according to the 2010 Census was 409. Of that number, 99.0 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 0.7 percent as two or more races, 0.2 percent as Hispanic or Latino, and 0.2 percent as Native American. The town’s median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $32,750, and the per capita income was $23,529.
Alabama State Highway 46 runs east-west through the town.