Cleburne County Alabama
Cleburne County Alabama History
Cleburne County was established on December 6, 1866, by an act of the state legislature. The county was made from territory in Benton (now Calhoun), Randolph, and Talladega counties. Heflin Alabama is the county seat.
The land that makes up Cleburne County was Creek and Cherokee Indian hunting territory. Early white settlers came into the county by way of the McIntosh Trail around 1825, trading with the Indians for land where they began farming and raising cattle. Ranburne, along the McIntosh Trail, is the oldest settlement in the county.
Cleburne County Alabama Civil War History
In 1861, the Civil War began causing a division between the people in the southern part of the county and the people in the northern part of the county. Historians estimate there were less than 100 slaves in the whole county, as there were few slave owners. Most of the county saw no conflict. The Stone Hill community, suffered from documented Union raids during the war. The area had favored secession, and a good bit of property was destroyed and soldiers carried away whatever livestock they could find during one Union raid.
Cleburne County Alabama Geography
Cleburne County is the fourth-smallest county in Alabama by land area and second-largest by total area. Cleburne County is home to Alabama’s highest natural point on Cheaha Mountain which is part of the southernmost mountain range in the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Cleburne County Alabama Cities:
Heflin is a city in Cleburne County. At the 2010 census the population was 3,480. The city is the county seat of Cleburne County. It is located approximately halfway between Birmingham and Atlanta on Interstate 20.
Cleburne County Alabama Towns:
Edwardsville is a town in Cleburne County. At the 2010 census the population was 202. From 1867 to 1906, it served as the Cleburne County Seat. In 1880 and 1890, it was the most populous community in the county. It reached its population zenith of 448 in 1900 when it fell behind Heflin, to which it also lost the county seat to six years later. It has not had more than 226 persons since 1920.
Fruithurst is a town in Cleburne County. At the 2010 census the population was 284.
Ranburne is a town in Cleburne County. At the 2010 census the population was 409.
Cleburne County Alabama Communities:
Hollis Crossroads, Alabama
Hollis Crossroads is a census-designated place and unincorporated community in Cleburne County. Its population was 608 as of the 2010 census. Hollis Crossroads is located along U.S. Route 431 between Anniston and Wedowee and Alabama State Route 9 between Lineville to Heflin; Routes 431 and 9 intersect here.
Abel is an unincorporated community in Cleburne County. A post office was established at Abel in 1889, and remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1907. The community was named after the biblical Abel, the second son of Adam and Eve.
Ai is an unincorporated community in Cleburne County.
Arbacoochee is an unincorporated community in Cleburne County. Arbacoochee was named after the old Creek Indian village of “Abihkuchi”, which translates to “a pile at the base.” Gold was discovered here in 1832, and the local mines produced over $5,000,000 worth of gold. In 1845, Arbacoochee had a population of over 5,000 people and was home to twenty general stores, five saloons, a school, two churches, two hotels, two mining supply stores, a fire department, race track, and over 100 homes. Most of the residents departed when news of the California Gold Rush reached Alabama, and only a few families remained.
A post office was operated in Arbacoochee from 1842 to 1904.
Liberty Hill, Alabama
Trickem is an unincorporated community in Cleburne County.