4th (Roddey’s) Cavalry Regiment was organized at Tuscumbia, Alabama, in October, 1862. The men were from Franklin, Lauderdale, Lawrence, and Walker counties. On April 2, 1865, most of the unit was captured. The remaining part surrendered.
The Battle of Day’s Gap, fought on April 30, 1863, was the first in a series of American Civil War skirmishes in Cullman County, Alabama, that lasted until a battle on May 2nd, known as Streight’s Raid.
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Colbert County was originally established on February 6, 1867 after it split from Franklin County over political issues after the American Civil War. It was abolished eight months later on November 29, 1867 by an Alabama constitutional convention and then reestablished on February 24, 1870. It is also the location of Ivy Green, the birthplace of noted fictional author Helen Keller. Colbert County is also home of the towns Sheffield and Muscle Shoals where many popular musicians such as Aretha Franklin and the Rolling Stones recorded music. Colbert County is the home of the Key Underwood Coon Dog Memorial Graveyard established in 1937.
Tuscumbia is home to the Alabama Restaurant in a Cave – the Rattlesnake Saloon.
the largest engagement in Northwest Alabama during the Civil War was fought at Little Bear Cree
The actual capture of Streight’s forces was achieved by a clever ruse, when Forrest paraded his much smaller force back and forth in front of Streight, convincing him that he was opposed by a superior force. After surrendering and being informed of the deception Streight reputedly demanded his arms back for a proper fight, a request cheerfully declined by Forrest.
On 21 October at 08:00, the XV Corps moved up towards the location of the Confederate troops, with its 1st Division leading. They encountered a large force of Confederate soldiers and opened fire. Musket fire was exchanged for an hour, with the Confederates sustaining heavy losses. After the loss of a significant amount of their men, the Confederates retreated.