Jefferson County Alabama

Jefferson County Alabama is located in the north-central part of Alabama and is the most populous county in the State of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 658,466. The county seat is Birmingham, the most populous city in the state.

Jefferson County Alabama Map
Jefferson County Alabama Map

Jefferson County was established on December 13, 1819, by the Alabama Legislature. It was named in honor of Thomas Jefferson.  The county is located in the north-central portion of the state, on the southmost edge of the Appalachian Mountains, in the center of the (former) iron, coal, and limestone mining belt of the Southern United States.

Jefferson County Alabama Cities:


Adamsville Alabama

Adamsville is a city in western Jefferson County. It is north from the Birmingham suburb of Pleasant Grove. It initially incorporated in 1901 (although the 1910 U.S. Census stated 1900), but disincorporated in 1915. It later reincorporated in 1953.

Bessemer Alabama

Founded in 1887, Bessemer is located in southwestern Jefferson County. The Birmingham-Hoover metropolitan area where our city is located is home to over 1 million people. With about 27,000 residents Bessemer is a city with a rich history and great prospects for the future.

Birmingham Alabama

Brighton Alabama

Brighton is a city near Birmingham, Alabama, and located just east of Hueytown. At the 2010 census the population was 2,945.

In 2015, after the Equal Justice Initiative (EJI) published its study Lynching in America: Confronting the Legacy of Racial Terror, the city of Brighton resolved to place a historical marker to commemorate Miller for his work with the union and as a victim of lynching. They worked in cooperation with EJI and placed the marker in a ceremony near City Hall. Brighton was the first city in Alabama to install such a memorial. 

Center Point Alabama

Center Point is a city and a former census-designated place (CDP) in northeastern Jefferson County. It is part of the Birmingham metropolitan area.

Clay Alabama

Clay is a city in northeastern Jefferson County. It is part of the Birmingham–Hoover–Cullman Combined Statistical Area in the north-central part of the state.

Fairfield Alabama

Fairfield is a city in western Jefferson County. It is part of the Birmingham metropolitan area and is located southeast of Pleasant Grove. The population was 11,117 at the 2010 census.

Fultondale Alabama

Fulton was a mining town in the 1900s. Fulton was incorporated in 1947.[4] The town’s name is derived from the combination of the names of two nearby communities, Fulton Springs and Glendale.[5]

This area was once known as Fulton Springs. Prior to the building of Interstate 65, US 31 was the main route for travelers northbound from Birmingham towards Nashville, Tennessee.

Gardendale Alabama

The early settlers of this area, most of them veterans of the War of 1812, recognized the beautiful woodlands as a productive area. Otis Dyer first homesteaded 80 acres in 1825. By the outbreak of the Civil War, a dozen families had claimed land — buying most of it from the government for twelve-and-a-half cents an acre.

After the Civil War, when the surrounding coal mines opened in the 1870s, Gardendale’s population doubled almost overnight. A grist mill was opened in 1873, built by Union soldier William H. Parker. A cooperative community canning plant for fruits and vegetables and a general store, opened by James Kimmons, soon followed.

Graysville Alabama

In the latter 1800s and early 1900s, the city of Graysville was called Gin Town. Because Graysville had the only cotton gin for miles around, the town and community grew. As the community grew, the need for businesses and houses of worship grew as well. One street over from this site, the Union Church was established in the early 1900s. All people of all denominations met and worshiped there as it was the only church for miles around. The City of Graysville was incorporated November 17, 1945. The first meeting of the town council took place at the old school house on January 16, 1946. Later that year, the original city council established the Graysville Water Works system. In 1949, the city council established the Graysville Gas Board which eventually became the Graysville Municipal Gas System.

Helena Alabama

Helena  is a city in Jefferson and Shelby counties. Helena is considered a suburb of Birmingham and part of the Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,793.

Helena is highly regarded as a place to live and raise children; Business Week ranked the city as the 13th “Best Place to Raise Your Kids” in 2007. It has the eighth-lowest crime rate per population in the U.S., and the city was ranked in Money magazine’s 2007 list of “Best Places to Live: Top 100” in the U.S., placing at number 91. The Alabama League of Municipalities awarded Helena the 2008 Municipal Achievement Award (population 10,001 to 20,000).

Helena initially incorporated in 1877, but reincorporated in 1917 after errors were discovered in the initial incorporation papers. Its population was not recorded separately in the U.S. Census until 1920, reflecting the later date of incorporation.

City of Helena Website

Homewood Alabama

Homewood is a city in southeastern Jefferson County. It is a suburb of Birmingham, located on the other side of Red Mountain due south of the city center. As of the 2010 census its population was 25,167, and in 2019 the estimated population was 25,377.

Hoover Alabama

Hoover is a city in Jefferson and Shelby counties in north central Alabama. The largest suburb of Birmingham, the city had a population of 85,768 as of the 2019 US Census estimate. Hoover is part of the Birmingham-Hoover, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Hueytown Alabama

Irondale Alabama

Irondale is a city in Jefferson County. It is a suburb of Birmingham, northeast of Homewood and Mountain Brook. At the 2010 census the population was 12,349.

Kimberly Alabama

Kimberly is a city in Jefferson County. At the 2010 census the population was 2,711. The city of Kimberly developed around a stagecoach station built in the 1830s; it remained in service until 1865. At this time, the settlement was known as Kennelsville. The city then became known as Jefferson, probably after the nearby Old Jefferson coal mine, until the late 1880s. In 1888, the town’s post office was relocated to nearby Morris. In 1905, the town voted to change its name to Kimberly because another Alabama town had already claimed the name Jefferson. Kimberly is on our list of the best small towns in Alabama.

Leeds Alabama

Are you stuck between wanting to live in a friendly small town, but also yearning for all of the modern amenities of the big city, like abundant shopping, great entertainment, and convenient interstate access? If this sounds like you, Leeds, Alabama just may be your dream city.

Lipscomb Alabama

Lipscomb is a city in western Jefferson County. As early as the 1880s, the community was called Wheeling and the town had 200-300 residents by 1906.

Midfield Alabama

Midfield is a town in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States, located two miles south of the Birmingham suburb of Fairfield. It incorporated in 1953. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 5,365.

Mountain Brook Alabama

Mountain Brook offers a high quality of life with a corresponding cost of living. One of the lowest crime rates in the state, one of the lowest student-to-teacher ratios and lots of amenities. The median home value is the highest in the state at close to $600,000.

Pinson Alabama

Pleasant Grove Alabama

Sumiton Alabama

Tarrant Alabama

Trussville Alabama

Vestavia Hills Alabama

Warrior Alabama

Jefferson County Alabama Towns:

Argo Alabama

Brookside Alabama

Brookside is a former mining town, predominantly settled by Eastern European immigrants, located in north-central Jefferson County. Brookside was incorporated in 1898. The descriptive name Brookside stems from the Five-Mile creek that flows through the town.

The 1920 Alabama coal strike, combined with a global depreciation in the coal market, led to a shutdown of the mine. When the strike was settled in 1921, Brookside mine was never re-opened.

As of the 2010 census, the population of the town was 1,363. At the 2000 census, there were 1,393 people, 546 households, and 393 families living in the town. The population density was 232.8 people per square mile (89.9/km2). There were 613 housing units at an average density of 102.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 90.52% White, 8.69% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.14% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Cardiff Alabama

Latitude N33 38.744′ Longitude W86 56.017′
33°38’44.6″N 86°56’01.0″W
33.645733, -86.933617

County Line Alabama

Maytown Alabama

Morris Alabama

Mulga Alabama

North Johns Alabama

Sylvan Springs Alabama

Traffors Alabama

West Jefferson Alabama

Jefferson County Alabama Communities:

Coalburg Alabama

Corner Alabama

Dolomite Alabama

Hopewell Alabama

McCalla Alabama

Shannon Alabama

Watson Alabama

Concord Alabama

Edgewaer Alabama

Forestdale Alabama

Grayson Valley Alabama

McDonal Chapel Alabama

Minor Alabama

Mount Olive Alabama

Mount Olive, also spelled Mt. Olive is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place (CDP) in Jefferson County. Its location is in the suburbs of Birmingham. As of the 2010 census, the population of the community is 4,079. Mount Olive is bordered on the south and the east by the town of Gardendale, and in fact, some areas that had previously been in Mount Olive have been annexed into Gardendale over the years.

Digital Alabama has identified Mount Olive as one of the Best Small Towns in Alabama.

Rock Creek Alabama

Jefferson County Alabama Ghost Towns

Adger Alabama

Latitude N33 22.676′ Longitude W87 03.751′
33°22’40.6″N 87°03’45.1″W
33.377933, -87.062517

Ayres Alabama

Latitude N33 43.886′ Longitude W86 33.809′
33°43’53.2″N 86°33’48.5″W
33.731433, -86.563483

Bradford Alabama

Latitude N33 45.118′ Longitude W86 42.232′
33°45’07.1″N 86°42’13.9″W
33.751967, -86.703867

Brookside Alabama

Latitude N33 38.278′ Longitude W86 55.006′
33°38’16.7″N 86°55’00.4″W
33.637967, -86.916767

Cardiff Alabama

Latitude N33 38.744′ Longitude W86 56.017′
33°38’44.6″N 86°56’01.0″W
33.645733, -86.933617

Clay Alabama

Latitude N33 42.159′ Longitude W86 35.978′
33°42’09.5″N 86°35’58.7″W
33.702650, -86.599633

Edgewood Alabama

Latitude N33 20.099′ Longitude W86 57.671′
33°20’05.9″N 86°57’40.3″W
33.334983, -86.961183

Gary Alabama

Latitude N33 28.417′ Longitude W86 37.869′
33°28’25.0″N 86°37’52.1″W
33.473617, -86.631150

McAdory Alabama

Latitude N33 23.218′ Longitude W87 00.924′
33°23’13.1″N 87°00’55.4″W
33.386967, -87.015400

Parkwood Alabama

Latitude N33 21.739′ Longitude W86 52.763′
33°21’44.3″N 86°52’45.8″W
33.362317, -86.879383

Scrap Alabama

Latitude N33 26.558′ Longitude W87 12.479′
33°26’33.5″N 87°12’28.7″W
33.442633, -87.207983

Seloca Alabama

Latitude N33 47.929′ Longitude W86 49.262′
33°47’55.7″N 86°49’15.7″W
33.798817, -86.821033

Short Creek Alabama

Latitude N33 33.077′ Longitude W87 06.079′
33°33’04.6″N 87°06’04.7″W
33.551283, -87.101317

Toadvine Alabama

Latitude N33 29.971′ Longitude W87 09.333′
33°29’58.3″N 87°09’20.0″W
33.499517, -87.155550


Jefferson County Alabama Historic Destinations

Tannehill Ironworks Historical State Park – McCalla

Arlington Antebellum House and Gardens – Birmingham

Sloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark – Birmingham

West Jefferson County Pioneer Homes – McCalla

Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame – Birmingham

Sixteenth Street Baptist Church – Birmingham

Negro Southern League Museum – Birmingham

Alabama Sports Hall of Fame – Birmingham

Birmingham Civil Rights Institute – Birmingham

Southern Museum of Flight – Birmingham

Vulcan Park and Museum – Birmingham

Jefferson County Alabama WebLinks

Jefferson County Alabama Map

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