Lawrence County Alabama
Lawrence County Alabama has the highest number of residents who identify as Native American of any county in the state. The county seat is Moulton, Alabama. For thousands of years, this area was inhabited by differing cultures of indigenous peoples. People of the Copena culture in the Middle Woodland period (1-500 CE) built complex earthworks as part of their religious and political system. Their burial mound and ceremonial platform mound, the largest in the state, are preserved at Oakville Indian Mounds Park and Museum.
Credit: Wikipedia contributors, “Lawrence County, Alabama,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lawrence_County,_Alabama&oldid=847324535 (accessed June 30, 2018).
The county was created from former Chickasaw lands ceded to the United States in the Treaty of Fort Jackson in 1814 as well as the Turkey Town Treaty of 1816.
Lawrence County Alabama History
Lawrence County was established by European Americans. Numerous Cherokee and mixed-race European-Cherokee descendants, sometimes called “Black Dutch”, have stayed in the Lawrence County area. According to the census, the county has the highest number of self-identified Native Americans in the state.
Lawrence County Alabama Cities:
Moulton, the county seat, is the largest city in Lawrence County with an estimated population of 3,367.
Lawrence County Alabama Towns:
Visitors can tour the historic town of Courtland, which was named to the National Register of Historic Places. The town’s structures offer visitors a range of architectural styles that span nearly two centuries. Visitors can take part in a self-guided driving tour of the district, or they can join a guided walking tour every Saturday between Memorial Day and the Fourth of July.
Hillsboro began in the late 1830s as a small community known as “Gilmersville,” which was located east of the current town. The name was inspired by a family of early settlers. When the railroad was constructed through the area in the 1860s, the town shifted to its current location along the tracks. The town developed throughout the latter half of the 19th century as an important refueling stop for trains and a local shipping center. The town’s name was eventually changed to “Hillsborough,” and the current spelling was adopted in 1891.
Credit:Wikipedia contributors, “Hillsboro, Alabama,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hillsboro,_Alabama&oldid=837765853 (accessed June 30, 2018).
North Courtland, Alabama
Town Creek, Alabama
Town Creek was established in the first half of the 19th century, and was originally known as “Jonesboro.” It incorporated in 1875.
Town Creek has one site listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Goode-Hall House, to the north of town.
Lawrence County Alabama Commmunities:
Five Points, Alabama
Mallard Creek, Alabama
Mount Hope, Alabama
Muck City, Alabama
Red Bank, Alabama
Wolf Springs, Alabama
Lawrence County is home to four high schools: East Lawrence High School (3A), Hatton High School (2A), Lawrence County High School (5A), and R.A. Hubbard High School (1A). Lawrence County also has six elementary schools and two middle schools. Other educational facilities include the Lawrence County Center of Technology and the Judy Jester Learning Center.
Former high schools, Hazlewood High School, Speake High School, and Mt. Hope High School were closed in 2009.
Lawrence County Alabama Places of Interest:
Lawrence County is home to part of the William B. Bankhead National Forest, Oakville Indian Mounds, and Jesse Owens Memorial Park. The Black Warrior’s Path, which starts in Cullman County, runs through this county and passes the Oakville Indian Mounds. It was used by Native Americans for hundreds of years, and was later used by pioneer settlers.
Four recreational areas within the forest afford visitors the opportunity to hike, camp, swim, and horseback ride. A 2,500-acre portion of the Joe Wheeler State Park sits on the northern border of the county. The Oakville Indian Mounds are another popular attraction in the county. The complex features a 2,000-year-old Woodland period mound, a Copena period burial mound, and a museum modeled after a traditional seven-sided Cherokee Council House.
Lawrence County Alabama Map